Herong's Notes on Physics
Copyright © 2016 by Dr. Herong Yang. All rights reserved.
This free book is a collection of notes on physics. Topics include space, time, speed, spacetime, relativity, time dilation, length contraction.
Table of Contents
About This Book
Introduction of Space
What Is Space?
What Is Distance?
Meter Based on Earth's Meridian
Meter Based on Seconds Pendulum
Meter Prefixes and Other Units
List of Various Distances and Lengths
Introducion of Frame of Reference
What Is Frame of Reference
Frame of Reference with 2 Objects
What Is Coordinate System
2-Dimensional Cartesian Coordinate System
3-Dimensional Cartesian Coordinate System
1 Frame of Reference with 2 Coordinate Systems
Introducion of Time
What Is Time?
What Is Duration?
Second Prefixes and Other Units
List of Various Durations
Introduction of Speed
What Is Speed?
List of Various Speeds
Different Speeds Observed in Different Frames
Measuring Speed of Light - Roemer's Method
Measuring Speed of Light - Fizeau's Method
Measuring Speed of Light - Foucault's Method
Newton's Laws of Motion
Who Is Newton?
Newton's First Law of Motion
Newton's Second Law of Motion
Falling Ball in Earth Frame of Reference
Falling Ball in Elevator Frame of Reference
Newton's Third Law of Motion
Introduction of Special Relativity
Assumptions of Special Relativity
What Is an Inertial Frame of Reference?
The Principle of Relativity
The Constancy of the Speed of Light
Time Dilation in Special Relativity
Time Dilation - Moving Clock Is Slower
Demonstration of Time Dilation - Amy on the Train
Demonstration of Time Dilation - Bob on the Ground
Demonstration of Time Dilation - Formula
What Is Lorentz Factor?
Reciprocity of Time Dilation
Elapsed Time between Distant Events
Length Contraction in Special Relativity
Length Contraction - Moving Object Is Shorter
Demonstration of Length Contraction
Length Contraction Formula and Lorentz Factor
Reciprocity of Length Contraction
The Relativity of Simultaneity
What Is the Relativity of Simultaneity?
Formula for the Relativity of Simultaneity?
Introduction of Spacetime
What Is Spacetime?
What Is World Line?
What Is Light Cone?
Moving Frames and Galilean Transformation
Galilean Diagram of Moving Frames
Minkowski Spacetime and Diagrams
What Is Minkowski Spacetime?
Events Interval and Relations
What Is Lorentz Transformation?
What Is Minkowski Diagram?
Constancy of Speed of Light in Minkowski Diagram
Time Dilation in Minkowski Diagram
Length Contraction in Minkowski Diagram
Relativity of Simultaneity in Minkowski Diagram
Invariant Spacetime Interval in Minkowski Diagram
Multiple Reference Frames in Minkowski Diagram
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Keywords: Physics, Space, Time, Speed, Relativity