Gene and Chromosome
This chapter provides quick introductions about gene, genome and chromosome.
What Is Gene
What Is Human Genome
Gene Address on Chromosome
DNA Coding and Codons
Gene Expression - Building Proteins
Genetic Transcription - Creating mRNA
Genetic Translation - Creating Protein
DNA Gene Sequence - Exons and Introns
Chromosome Replication (or DNA Replication)
- A Gene is a section of a double helix DNA structure that contains a specific sequence of base pairs representing a specific coded instruction to construct building blocks for living organisms.
- Human Genome is the complete set of genes packaged inside 23 chromosome pairs in the nuclei of each human cell.
- A DNA codon is a sequence of 3 nucleotides with different combinations of nucleobases: Adenosine (A), Cytidine (C), Guanosine (G), Thymidine (T) and Uridine (U).
- Gene Expression is the process of building new proteins according to the instructions stored a given gene.
- Genetic Transcription is the process of copying genetic information of a gene from DNA to a special RNA molecule called mRNA (Messager RNA).
- Genetic Translation is the process of translating the nucleotide sequence of a mRNA (Messenger RNA) into the amino acid sequence linked with peptide bonds to build a new protein according to the genome codon map chart.
- Chromosome Replication is the process that all 46 paired chromosomes in a human cell get replicated into 2 sets of identical 46 paired chromosomes.
Table of Contents
About This Book
Introduction of Molecules
Molecule Names and Identifications
Protein and Amino Acid
Nucleobase, Nucleoside, Nucleotide, DNA and RNA
►Gene and Chromosome
Protein Kinase (PK)
SDF (Structure Data File)
RDKit: Open-Source Cheminformatics Software
PyMol GUI and CLI
PyMol Editing Functions
PyMol Measurement Functions
PyMol Movie Functions
PyMol Python Integration
PyMol Object Functions
ChEMBL Database - European Molecular Biology Laboratory
PubChem Database - National Library of Medicine
PDB (Protein Data Bank)
INSDC (International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration)
Resources and Tools
Molecule Related Terminologies
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