What Is Localization / Internationalization?

This section describes what is localization and internationalization. Locale is a concept that defines geographical and cultural specific preferences on the user interface.

Localization (software localization), sometimes shortened to "l10n", is a process that tailors software user interface for the user based on his/her specific geographical, and cultural preferences.

Internationalization (software Internationalization), sometimes shortened to "i18n", is a process of enabling software for localization.

Users specific geographical and cultural preferences can be abstracted into a concept of locale. A locale usually determines the following aspects of the user interface:

We know that the main task of localization is to communicate with user in the local language. This means that software must present information as characters of the local language, and take information as characters of the local language.

In this part of the book, we will concentrate on presenting and managing information as characters of the local language.

Last update: 2015.

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 Introduction and Installation of PHP 7.0

 PHP Script File Syntax

 PHP Data Types and Data Literals

 Variables, References, and Constants

 Expressions, Operations and Type Conversions

 Conditional Statements - "if" and "switch"

 Loop Statements - "while", "for", and "do ... while"

 Function Declaration, Arguments, and Return Values

 Arrays - Ordered Maps

 Configuring and Sending out Emails

 Retrieving Information from HTTP Requests

 Creating and Managing Sessions in PHP Scripts

 Sending and Receiving Cookies in PHP Scripts

 Controlling HTTP Response Header Lines in PHP Scripts

 MySQL Server Connection and Access Functions

 Functions to Manage Directories, Files and Images

 SOAP Extension Function and Calling Web Services

 SOAP Server Functions and Examples

Localization Overview of Web Applications

What Is Localization / Internationalization?

 Localization of Web Based Applications

 Character String Traveling Paths

 Output ASCII Character Strings from PHP Scripts

 Using Non-ASCII Characters in HTML Documents

 Using Non-ASCII Characters as PHP Script String Literals

 Receiving Non-ASCII Characters from Input Forms

 "mbstring" Extension and Non-ASCII Encoding Management

 Managing Non-ASCII Character Strings with MySQL Servers

 Introduction of Class and Object

 Integrating PHP with Apache Web Server

 Outdated Tutorials

 References

 PDF Printing Version