What Is an Overloaded Method?

This section describes what is an overloaded method - A static method or an instance method that is not directly declared at all or not declared as publicly accessible, but it is indirectly provided through the implementation of the __call() or the __callStatic() method.

What Is an Overloaded Method? An overloaded method is a static method or an instance method that is not directly declared at all or not declared as publicly accessible, but it is indirectly provided through the implementation of the __call() or the __callStatic() method.

In PHP, any class can implement the following special methods to support overloaded methods:

For example, the following tutorial example provides class "MyPizzaOrder" that shows how to use __call() method to support overloaded methods.

<?php /* MyPizzaOrder.php
 - Copyright (c) 2015, HerongYang.com, All Rights Reserved.
*/

class MyPizzaOrder {
   private $size = 0;
   private $toppings = array();
   public function __call($name, $arguments) {
      if (substr($name,0,3) == "add") {
         $value = substr($name,3);
         array_push($this->toppings, $value);
      } else {
         echo "ERROR: Method ".$name."() not supported.\n";
      }
   }
   public function setSize($size) {
      $this->size = $size;
   }
   public function showOrder() {
      echo "   Size: ". $this->size ."\n";
      echo "   Toppings: ". implode(",",$this->toppings) ."\n";
   }
}

   $order = new MyPizzaOrder();
   $order->setSize("Large");
   $order->addSausage();
   $order->addBacon();
   $order->addOnions();
   $order->addMushrooms();
   $order->addPepperoni();

   echo "MyPizzaOrder object: \n";
   $order->showOrder();
   $order->noCheese();
?>

If you run the above tutorial example, you will get something like this:

MyPizzaOrder object:
   Size: Large
   Toppings: Sausage,Bacon,Onions,Mushrooms,Pepperoni
ERROR: Method noCheese() not supported.

Last update: 2015.

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 Introduction and Installation of PHP 7.0

 PHP Script File Syntax

 PHP Data Types and Data Literals

 Variables, References, and Constants

 Expressions, Operations and Type Conversions

 Conditional Statements - "if" and "switch"

 Loop Statements - "while", "for", and "do ... while"

 Function Declaration, Arguments, and Return Values

 Arrays - Ordered Maps

 Configuring and Sending out Emails

 Retrieving Information from HTTP Requests

 Creating and Managing Sessions in PHP Scripts

 Sending and Receiving Cookies in PHP Scripts

 Controlling HTTP Response Header Lines in PHP Scripts

 MySQL Server Connection and Access Functions

 Functions to Manage Directories, Files and Images

 SOAP Extension Function and Calling Web Services

 SOAP Server Functions and Examples

 Localization Overview of Web Applications

 Using Non-ASCII Characters in HTML Documents

 Using Non-ASCII Characters as PHP Script String Literals

 Receiving Non-ASCII Characters from Input Forms

 "mbstring" Extension and Non-ASCII Encoding Management

 Managing Non-ASCII Character Strings with MySQL Servers

Introduction of Class and Object

 What Is a Class?

 What Is an Object?

 What Is a Constructor?

 What Is a Static Method?

 What Is a Static Variable?

 What Is a Superclass and a Subclass?

 What Is an Abstract Class?

 What Is an Abstract Method?

 What Is an Interface?

 What Is a Trait?

 What Is an Overloaded Property?

What Is an Overloaded Method?

 What Is Object Property Iteration?

 What Is Object Cloning?

 What Is Object Serialization?

 What Is in an Object Variable?

 Updating Variables Who Share an Object

 Passing Objects as Function Arguments

 Integrating PHP with Apache Web Server

 Outdated Tutorials

 References

 PDF Printing Version