Configuring Apache for PHP CGI Scripts

This section describes how to configure Apache server to support PHP CGI scripts.

With both PHP 5 and Apache 2 installed on my Windows system, I continued to configure the Apache server to support PHP CGI scripts:

1. Open the Apache configuration file, \local\apache\conf\httpd.conf, in a text editor.

2. First, I have to define a CGI script directory alias, mapping an Apache document directory to a real directory where php-cgi.exe is located. Go to alias_module section and add one line:

<IfModule alias_module>
...
   ScriptAlias /cgi-bin-php/ "/local/php/"
</IfModule>

3. Then, I need to add an access control section for this directory as. Add the following section (borrowed from my Apache 2.2 httpd.conf file):

<Directory "/local/php/">
    AllowOverride None
    Options None
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
</Directory>

4. Next, I have to define a new MIME type to support the .php file extension. Go to mime_module section and add one line:

<IfModule mime_module>
...    
    AddType application/x-httpd-php .php 
</IfModule>

5. The last setting is to tell Apache to serve the new MIME type with php-cgi.exe located in the directory alias /cgi-bin-php/: At the root level below the LoadModule section, define an "Action" entry:

#LoadModule ssl_module modules/mod_ssl.so

Action application/x-httpd-php "/cgi-bin-php/php-cgi.exe"

6. The configuration changes are done. Restart the Apache server.

Last update: 2015.

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 Introduction and Installation of PHP 7.0

 PHP Script File Syntax

 PHP Data Types and Data Literals

 Variables, References, and Constants

 Expressions, Operations and Type Conversions

 Conditional Statements - "if" and "switch"

 Loop Statements - "while", "for", and "do ... while"

 Function Declaration, Arguments, and Return Values

 Arrays - Ordered Maps

 Configuring and Sending out Emails

 Retrieving Information from HTTP Requests

 Creating and Managing Sessions in PHP Scripts

 Sending and Receiving Cookies in PHP Scripts

 Controlling HTTP Response Header Lines in PHP Scripts

 MySQL Server Connection and Access Functions

 Functions to Manage Directories, Files and Images

 SOAP Extension Function and Calling Web Services

 SOAP Server Functions and Examples

 Localization Overview of Web Applications

 Using Non-ASCII Characters in HTML Documents

 Using Non-ASCII Characters as PHP Script String Literals

 Receiving Non-ASCII Characters from Input Forms

 "mbstring" Extension and Non-ASCII Encoding Management

 Managing Non-ASCII Character Strings with MySQL Servers

 Introduction of Class and Object

Integrating PHP with Apache Web Server

 Downloading Apache HTTP Server 2.4.12 for Windows

 Installing Apache HTTP Server 2.4.12 on Windows

 Publishing HTML Documents as Web Pages

 Starting and Stopping Apache Server

Configuring Apache for PHP CGI Scripts

 Publishing PHP Scripts as Web Pages

 Configuring Apache PHP Load Module

 Outdated Tutorials

 References

 PDF Printing Version