Entering Non-ASCII Characters as Static Text

This section provides a tutorial example to test how non-ASCII characters entered as static text in JSP pages are converted by JSP server and returned to Web browsers.

Entering non ASCII characters as static HTML text is much harder than what I initially thought. There are many factors that should be considered:

In order to test out how to control those factors, I picked two simplified Chinese characters, and entered them in 7 different formats as a simple HTML paragraph:

<p>
GB2312-binary: 쮵쏷=(0xCBB5C3F7)<br/>      
GB2312-#xHEX: &#xCBB5;&#xC3F7;<br/>
GB2312-\uHEX: \uCBB5\uC3F7<br/>
Unicode-binary: 说明=(0x8bf4660e)<br/>
Unicode-#xHEX: &#x8bf4;&#x660e;<br/>
Unicode-\uHEX: \u8bf4\u660e<br/>
Unicode-UTF8: 说明=(0xE8AFB4E6988E)<br/>
</p>

Hex numbers are provided next to the binary codes, just in case if you have trouble to copy this file to your local system.

In the next 3 sections, I will put this paragraph into a regular HTML file, a JSP page with standard syntax, and a JSP page with XML syntax to see how Tomcat server will convert them into Java class files and in what encodings.

Last update: 2012.

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 JSP (JavaServer Pages) Overview

 Tomcat 7 Installation on Windows Systems

 JSP Scripting Elements

 Java Servlet Introduction

 JSP Implicit Objects

 Syntax of JSP Pages and JSP Documents

 JSP Application Session

 Managing Cookies in JSP Pages

 JavaBean Objects and "useBean" Action Elements

 Managing HTTP Response Header Lines

Non-ASCII Characters Support in JSP Pages

 Characters Traveling from JSP Files to Browser Screens

 Handling ASCII Characters in JSP Pages

 Presenting Non ASCII Characters in HTML Documents

 Entering Non ASCII Characters in JSP Pages

 Java Strings as non-Unicode Encoded Byte Sequences

 Java Strings as Unicode Encoded Byte Sequences

Entering Non-ASCII Characters as Static Text

 Static HTML Text in HTML Page

 Static HTML Text in JSP Page in Standard Syntax

 Static HTML Text in JSP Page in XML Syntax

 Supporting Characters in Multiple Languages

 Performance of JSP Pages

 EL (Expression Language)

 Overview of JSTL (JSP Standard Tag Libraries)

 JSTL Core Library

 JSP Custom Tags

 JSP Java Tag Interface

 Custom Tag Attributes

 Multiple Tags Working Together

 File Upload Test Application

 Outdated Tutorials

 References

 PDF Printing Version