Examples of HTTP 1.0 Requests and Responses

This section provides some tutorial examples of HTTP 1.0 requests and responses. Google and Wikipedia are still supporting HTTP 1.0 protocols.

Let's continue to try my Perl socket test program to send a simple HTTP 1.0 request to some other Web servers.

www.wikipedia.org used to accept my HTTP 1.0 request in 2009. But now it returns the 400 error too:

C:\herong>perl SocketRequestResponse.pl www.wikipedia.org 80 \
   http_get.req http_get.res

C:\herong>more http_get.res
HTTP/1.1 400
Server: Varnish
X-Varnish: 1060976594
X-Cache: cp1079 int
X-Cache-Status: int-front
Set-Cookie: WMF-Last-Access=... 
Set-Cookie: WMF-Last-Access-Global=... 
X-Client-IP:
Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8
Content-Length: 1789
Connection: close

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang=en>
<meta charset=utf-8>
<title>Wikimedia Error</title>
...

www.apache.org used to accept my HTTP 1.0 request in 2009. But it also returns the 400 error now:

C:\herong>perl SocketRequestResponse.pl www.apache.org 80 \
   http_get.req http_get.res

C:\herong>more http_get.res
HTTP/1.1 400 Bad Request
Server: Apache/2.4.18 (Ubuntu)
Content-Length: 226
Connection: close
Content-Type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//IETF//DTD HTML 2.0//EN">
<html><head>
<title>400 Bad Request</title>
</head><body>
<h1>Bad Request</h1>
<p>Your browser sent a request that this server could not 
understand.<br />
</p>
</body></html>

My HTTP 1.0 request worked nicely on www.google.com since 2009 and until 2018:

C:\herong>perl SocketRequestResponse.pl www.google.com 80 \ 
   http_get.req http_get.res

C:\herong>more http_get.res

HTTP/1.0 200 OK
Expires: -1
Cache-Control: private, max-age=0
Content-Type: text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1
P3P: CP="This is not a P3P policy! See g.co/p3phelp for more info."
Server: gws
X-XSS-Protection: 1; mode=block
X-Frame-Options: SAMEORIGIN
Set-Cookie: 1P_JAR=...
Set-Cookie: NID=...
Accept-Ranges: none
Vary: Accept-Encoding

<!doctype html>
<html itemscope="" itemtype="http://schema.org/WebPage" lang="en">
<head>
<meta content="Search the world's information, including webpages, ...>
<meta content="noodp" name="robots">
...

Last update: 2018.

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 Introduction to Web Service

 Introduction to SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol)

 SOAP Message Structure

 SOAP Message Transmission and Processing

 SOAP Data Model

 SOAP Encoding

 SOAP RPC Presentation

 SOAP Properties Model

 SOAP MEP (Message Exchange Patterns)

 SOAP HTTP Binding

 SOAP PHP Implementations

 PHP SOAP Extension Client Programs

 PHP SOAP Extension Server Programs

 PHP SOAP Web Service Example - getTemp

 SOAP Perl Implementations

 Perl SOAP::Lite - SOAP Server-Client Communication Module

Perl Socket Test Program for HTTP and SOAP

 SocketRequestResponse.pl - Socket Level Testing Program

Examples of HTTP 1.0 Requests and Responses

 Examples of HTTP 1.1 Requests and Responses

 SOAP 1.1 Request - Content-Length Too Small

 SOAP 1.1 Request - Content-Length Too Large

 SOAP 1.1 Request and Response of GetTemp

 SOAP 1.2 Request and Response of GetTemp

 Perl SOAP::Lite for NumberToWords SOAP 1.1 Web Service

 Perl SOAP::Lite for SOAP 1.2 Web Services

 Perl SOAP::Lite for WSDL

 SOAP Java Implementations

 Java Socket and HttpURLConnection for SOAP

 SAAJ - SOAP with Attachments API for Java

 SoapUI - SOAP Web Service Testing Tool

 WS-Security - SOAP Message Security Extension

 WS-Security X.509 Certificate Token

 Perl SOAP::Lite for GetSpeech SOAP 1.1 Web Service

 Perl SOAP::Lite 0.710 for SOAP 1.2 Web Services

 Perl SOAP::Lite 0.710 for WSDL

 Web Services and SOAP Terminology

 Outdated Tutorials

 References

 Full Version in PDF/EPUB