JIS X0208 Character Set for Japanese Characters

This section provides a quick introduction of the JIS X0208 character set used for Japanese language characters.

JIS X0208: A coded character set established for Japanese in 1990. JIS stands for Japanese Industrial Standards.

JIS X0208 arranges characters into a matrix of 94 rows and 94 columns. The rows are called quwei, and are organized as follows:

Rows     # of 
Qu Wei   Chars   Characters

01-02            Punctuation, symbols
03               ISO 646 (alphanumerics only)
04               Hiragana
05               Katakana
06               Greek
07               Cyrillic
08               Line drawing
16-47    2965    Kanji level 1, ordered by on-yomi
48-83    3384    Kanji level 2, ordered by Kangxi radical, then stroke
84          6    Miscellaneous kanji

There are four sub character sets used in writing modern Japanese: katakana, hiragana, kanji, and romaji.

Katakana contains 46 characters, with very angular strokes. Each Katakana character reprensents a unique sound. There are 5 vowels in them. Katakan characters can be used to express any sound in the Japanese language.

Katakana is like Pinyin in Chinese. It is commonly used to express foreign names.

Hiragana contains 46 characters, with very smoother strokes. Each Hiragana character represents a unique sound. Hiragana characters can be used to express any sound in the Japanese language. Hiragana is closely related to Katakana. In fact, each Hiragana character has a counterpart in Katakana.

Hiragana is commonly used to express simple words. It is also the first writing system taught to Japanese children.

Kanji contains thousands of Chinese characters, that were brought to Japan many years ago.

Romaji contains the Roman alphabets. Of course, they are used to express foreign words.

Last update: 2009.

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 Character Sets and Encodings

 ASCII Character Set and Encoding

 GB2312 Character Set and Encoding

 GB18030 Character Set and Encoding

JIS X0208 Character Set and Encodings

JIS X0208 Character Set for Japanese Characters

 JIS X0208 Character Code Values

 EUC-JP Encoding

 ISO-2022-JP Encoding

 Shift-JIS Encoding

 Unicode Character Set

 UTF-8 (Unicode Transformation Format - 8-Bit)

 UTF-16, UTF-16BE and UTF-16LE Encodings

 UTF-32, UTF-32BE and UTF-32LE Encodings

 Java Language and Unicode Characters

 Character Encoding in Java

 Character Set Encoding Maps

 Encoding Conversion Programs for Encoded Text Files

 Using Notepad as a Unicode Text Editor

 Using Microsoft Word as a Unicode Text Editor

 Using Microsoft Excel as a Unicode Text Editor

 Unicode Fonts

 Unicode Code Point Blocks - Code Charts

 Outdated Tutorials

 References

 PDF Printing Version