GB2312 Character Set for Chinese Characters

This section provides a quick introduction of the GB2312 character set for simplified Chinese characters, numbers and symbols. GB2312 contains 7445 characters.

GB: An abbreviation of Guojia Biaozhun, or Guo Biao, meaning "national standard" in Chinese.

GB2312, also called GB2312-1980: A coded character set established by the government of People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1980.

Main features of GB2312-1980:

GB2312-1980 arranges characters into a matrix of 94 rows and 94 columns. The rows are called quwei, and are organized as follows:

Rows     # of 
Qu Wei   Chars   Characters

01         94    Special symbols
02         72    Paragraph numbers
03         94    GB 1988-80 (ISO 646-CN) 
04         83    Hiragana
05         86    Katakana
06         48    Greek
07         66    Cyrillic
08         63    Pinyin accented vowels and zhuyin symbols
09         76    Box and table drawing pieces
16-55    3755    Hanzi level 1, ordered by pinyin
56-87    3008    Hanzi level 2, ordered by radical, then stroke

GB2312-1980 is a Double-Byte Character Set (DBCS), in which code point values requires 2-byte integers to hold. This is very different than the ASCII and Latin 1 character sets where every code point value can be hold by a 1-byte integer.

Last update: 2009.

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 Character Sets and Encodings

 ASCII Character Set and Encoding

GB2312 Character Set and Encoding

GB2312 Character Set for Chinese Characters

 GB2312 Encoding for GB2312 Character Set

 Relation of GB2312 and Unicode

 GB18030 Character Set and Encoding

 JIS X0208 Character Set and Encodings

 Unicode Character Set

 UTF-8 (Unicode Transformation Format - 8-Bit)

 UTF-16, UTF-16BE and UTF-16LE Encodings

 UTF-32, UTF-32BE and UTF-32LE Encodings

 Java Language and Unicode Characters

 Character Encoding in Java

 Character Set Encoding Maps

 Encoding Conversion Programs for Encoded Text Files

 Using Notepad as a Unicode Text Editor

 Using Microsoft Word as a Unicode Text Editor

 Using Microsoft Excel as a Unicode Text Editor

 Unicode Fonts

 Unicode Code Point Blocks - Code Charts

 Outdated Tutorials

 References

 PDF Printing Version