Saving Files in "Unicode Text (*.txt)" Option

This section provides a tutorial example on how to save Unicode text file with Excel using the 'Unicode Text (*.txt)' file type option.

In the next test, I want to try the save function with the "Unicode Text (*.txt)" option.

1. Run Excel and open hello.utf-8 correctly with the Unicode (UTF-8) encoding option selected.

2. Click the File > "Save As" menu. The "Save As" dialog box comes up.

3. Enter excel_utf-16.txt as the new file name and select the "Unicode Text (*.txt)" option in the "Save as Type" field.

4. Click the Save button. A warning dialog box comes up:
Excel Save File Warning

5. The warning message says: "excel_utf-16le.txt may contain features that are not compatible with Unicode Text. Do you want to keep workbook in this format? To keep this format, which leaves out any incompatible features, click Yes..."

6. Click Yes to ignore the warning. Excel saves the text to a new file named as: excel_utf-16.txt.

7. To see how my text is saved by Excel, I need to run my HEX dump program on excel_utf-16.txt:

C:\herong\unicode>java HexWriter excel_utf-16.txt excel_utf-16.hex
Number of input bytes: 170

C:\herong\unicode>type excel_utf-16le.hex
FFFE480065006C006C006F0020006300
6F006D00700075007400650072002100
20002D00200045006E0067006C006900
730068000D000A0035751181604F7D59
01FF20002D002000530069006D007000
6C006900660069006500640020004300
680069006E006500730065000D000A00
FB966681604F7D5957FE20002D002000
54007200610064006900740069006F00
6E0061006C0020004300680069006E00
6500730065000D000A00

Very nice. This is a perfect UTF-16 encoding file using the Little-Endian with BOM format. Those leading 2 bytes represent the BOM flag, which is not part of the text.

Conclusion - The "Unicode Text (*.txt)" encoding option of Excel matches the "Little-Endian with BOM" format of Unicode UTF-16 encoding.

Last update: 2009.

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 Character Sets and Encodings

 ASCII Character Set and Encoding

 GB2312 Character Set and Encoding

 GB18030 Character Set and Encoding

 JIS X0208 Character Set and Encodings

 Unicode Character Set

 UTF-8 (Unicode Transformation Format - 8-Bit)

 UTF-16, UTF-16BE and UTF-16LE Encodings

 UTF-32, UTF-32BE and UTF-32LE Encodings

 Java Language and Unicode Characters

 Character Encoding in Java

 Character Set Encoding Maps

 Encoding Conversion Programs for Encoded Text Files

 Using Notepad as a Unicode Text Editor

 Using Microsoft Word as a Unicode Text Editor

Using Microsoft Excel as a Unicode Text Editor

 What Is Microsoft Excel?

 Opening UTF-8 Text Files

 Opening UTF-16BE Text Files

 Opening UTF-16LE Text Files

 Saving UTF-8 Text Files

Saving Files in "Unicode Text (*.txt)" Option

 Opening UTF-16 Text Files

 Supported Save and Open File Formats

 Unicode Fonts

 Unicode Code Point Blocks - Code Charts

 Outdated Tutorials

 References

 PDF Printing Version