java.awt.FlowLayout - Flow Layout

This section provides a tutorial example on how to create a FlowLayout to layout components in a container. FlowLayout can have many elements arranged horizontally first, then vertically.

java.awt.FlowLayout - Another very simple layout that:

I don't see any potential use of this layout. But I am interested to see how it re-arranges the flow when the container is resized. So I decided to use FlowLayout to layout a window of several different types of components. I wanted the window to look like this:

- Details ----------------
|     Name: Text         |
|   System: Radio button |
| Language: Check box    |
|     Year: Dropdown     |
        OK  Cancel

Here is an example program I wrote to do this with FlowLayout:

 * Copyright (c) 2014,, All Rights Reserved.
import java.awt.*;
import javax.swing.*;
public class FlowLayoutTest2 {
   public static void main(String[] a) {
      JFrame myFrame = new JFrame("FlowLayout Test");
      Container myPane = myFrame.getContentPane();
      myPane.setLayout(new FlowLayout(FlowLayout.CENTER));
   private static JPanel getFieldPanel() {
      JPanel p = new JPanel(new FlowLayout());
      p.add(new JLabel("Name:"));
      p.add(new JTextField(16));
      p.add(new JLabel("System:"));
      p.add(new JLabel("Language:"));
      p.add(new JLabel("Year:"));
      p.add(new JComboBox<String>(
         new String[] {"2021","2022","2023"}));
      return p;
   private static JPanel getButtonPanel() {
      JPanel p = new JPanel(new FlowLayout());
      p.add(new JButton("OK"));
      p.add(new JButton("Cancel"));
      return p;
   private static JPanel getSystemPanel() {
      JRadioButton unixButton = new JRadioButton("Unix",true);
      JRadioButton winButton = new JRadioButton("Window",false);
      ButtonGroup systemGroup = new ButtonGroup();
      JPanel p = new JPanel(new FlowLayout());
      return p;
   private static JPanel getLanguagePanel() {
      JPanel p = new JPanel(new FlowLayout());
      p.add(new JCheckBox("Java",true));
      p.add(new JCheckBox("C++",true));
      p.add(new JCheckBox("Perl",false));
      return p;

Run it. What do you think about the result? Pretty bad, right?
Layout - FlowLayout

Initially all components are positioned in a single row. If you narrow the window, "OK" and "Cancel" buttons will be wrapped to the next row. If you narrow it further, no change will happen on positions. Because the top container, the window, really contains only two components: the field panel and the button panel.

So, FlowLayout is not good for my example.

Sample programs listed in this section have been tested with JDK 1.7.0 to 1.8.0.

Last update: 2014.

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 Introduction of Java Swing Package

 Graphics Environment of the Local System

 JFrame - Main Frame Class

 JLabel - Swing Label Class

 JButton - Swing Button Class

 JRadioButton - Swing Radio Button Class

 JTextField - Swing Text Field Class

 Menu Bar, Menus, Menu Items and Listeners

 Creating Internal Frames inside the Main Frame

Layout of Components in a Container

 What Is Layout?

 java.awt.BorderLayout - Border Layout

java.awt.FlowLayout - Flow Layout

 java.awt.BoxLayout - Box Layout

 java.awt.GridLayout - Grid Layout

 java.awt.GridBagLayout - Grid Bag Layout

 LookAndFeel and UIManager

 Option Dialog Boxes

 JEditorPane - The Editor Pane Class

 SwingWorker - The Background Task Worker


 PDF Printing Version