Closing Frame and Terminating Application

This section provides 3 solutions and sample programs on how to close the main frame and terminate the application.

Problem: I have a frame window displayed on the screen and I want to close the frame and terminate the application, when user invokes the close command from the window's system menu, or clicks on the close icon from the window's system icon list.

Solution 1: You can use the JFrame.setDefaultCloseOperation() method to change the default behavior option of JFrame responding to the window closing event. Select the EXIT_ON_CLOSE option will terminate the application immediately. Of course, when the application is terminated, all frames will be closed automatically. The following sample code, JFrameClose1.java, shows you how to do this.

/* JFrameClose1.java
 * Copyright (c) 2014, HerongYang.com, All Rights Reserved.
 */
import javax.swing.*;
public class JFrameClose1 {
   public static void main(String[] a) {
      JFrame f = new JFrame();
      f.setTitle("Closing Frame with Default Close Operation");
      f.setBounds(100,50,500,300);
      f.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
      f.setVisible(true);
   }
}

Solution 2: You can extend JFrame class to have your own frame class, so that you can override the default processWindowEvent() method to terminate the application. Of course, calling System.exit(0) is the quickest way to terminate an application. The following sample code, JFrameClose2.java, shows you how to do this.

/* JFrameClose2.java
 * Copyright (c) 2014, HerongYang.com, All Rights Reserved.
 */
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
public class JFrameClose2  {
   public static void main(String[] a) {
      MyJFrame f = new MyJFrame();
      f.setTitle("Closing Frame with Process Window Event");
      f.setBounds(100,50,500,300);
      f.setVisible(true);
   }
   static class MyJFrame extends JFrame {
      protected void processWindowEvent(WindowEvent e) {
         if (e.getID() == WindowEvent.WINDOW_CLOSING) {
            System.exit(0);
         }
      }
   }
}

Solution 3: You can create a new window event listener class and add an object of this listener class to the JFrame object. In the new window event listener, you can implement your owner version of windowClosing() handler method. Of course, the quickest way to create a new window event listener class is to extend the WindowAdapter class. The following sample code, JFrameClose3.java, shows you how to do this.

/* JFrameClose3.java
 * Copyright (c) 2014, HerongYang.com, All Rights Reserved.
 */
import java.awt.event.*;
import javax.swing.*;
public class JFrameClose3  {
   public static void main(String[] a) {
      JFrame f = new JFrame();
      f.setTitle("Closing Frame with Window Listener");
      f.setBounds(100,50,500,300);
      f.addWindowListener(new MyWindowListener());
      f.setVisible(true);
   }
   static class MyWindowListener extends WindowAdapter {
      public void windowClosing(WindowEvent e) {
         System.exit(0);
      }
   }
}

Sample programs listed in this section have been tested with JDK 1.3.1 to 1.8.0.

Last update: 2014.

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 Introduction of Java Swing Package

 Graphics Environment of the Local System

JFrame - Main Frame Class

 Creating Frames with Sizes and Locations

Closing Frame and Terminating Application

 Listing and Interrupting AWT Threads

 "AWT blocker activation interrupted" Error

 "AWT blocker activation interrupted" Error in JDK 1.7

 Displaying Chinese Characters in Frame Title

 Drawing Graphics - Using paint() on Frame

 Drawing Graphics - Using paint() on Component

 Drawing Graphics - Using paint() on Content Pane

 Drawing Chinese Characters on Frames

 JLabel - Swing Label Class

 JButton - Swing Button Class

 JRadioButton - Swing Radio Button Class

 JTextField - Swing Text Field Class

 Menu Bar, Menus, Menu Items and Listeners

 Creating Internal Frames inside the Main Frame

 Layout of Components in a Container

 LookAndFeel and UIManager

 Option Dialog Boxes

 JEditorPane - The Editor Pane Class

 SwingWorker - The Background Task Worker

 References

 PDF Printing Version