The "String" Object Type - Not Equal to String Primitive Type

This section provides a quick description and a tutorial example script on the 'String' built-in object type, which is used to create 'String' objects. Watch out: 'String' objects are not string values.

The "String" object type is a special built-in object type to be used to create a "String" object, which is different than a string value of the string primitive type. It has the following main features:

Here is a tutorial example script showing some of the those features:

// String_Object_Type.js
// Copyright (c) 2013 by Dr. Herong Yang, herongyang.com

   // Creating a new String object
   var message = new String("Hello World!");

   // Checking this object
   println("\nAbout this \"message\":");
   println("   Type = "+(typeof message));
   println("   Instance Of Object: "+(message instanceof Object));
   println("   Instance Of String: "+(message instanceof String));
   
   // Using String's inherited property and method
   var upperMessage = message.toUpperCase();
   var l = message.length;
   var subMessage = message.substring(0,l-7);

   println("\nExecution result:");
   println("   typeof message = "+(typeof message));
   println("   message.toString() = "+message.toString());
   println("   typeof upperMessage = "+(typeof upperMessage));
   println("   upperMessage = "+upperMessage);
   println("   typeof subMessage = "+(typeof subMessage));
   println("   subMessage = "+subMessage);

   println("\nConverting to String objects on the fly:");
   println("   \"...\".length = "+("Hello World!".length));
   println("   \"...\".toUpperCase() = "
      +("Hello World!".toUpperCase()));

If you run this script with "jrunscript", you will get:

About this "message":
   Type = object
   Instance Of Object: true
   Instance Of String: true

Execution result:
   typeof message = object
   message.toString() = Hello World!
   typeof upperMessage = string
   upperMessage = HELLO WORLD!
   typeof subMessage = string
   subMessage = Hello

Converting to String objects on the fly:
   "...".length = 12
   "...".toUpperCase() = HELLO WORLD!

Now we know how to create "String" objects with the "String()" constructor.

Read other "String" related chapters to see more tutorial examples.

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 Introduction to JavaScript

 ECMAScript Language Specification and JavaScript Dialects

 Data Types, Variables and Expressions

 Flow Control Statements

 Creating, Accessing, and Manipulating Arrays

 Defining and Calling Functions

 Web Browser Supporting JavaScript

 Server-Side and Client-Side Web Scripting

 Introduction to Objects

 Defining Your Own Object Types

 Inheritance of Properties and Methods through the Prototype Object Chain

 'jrunscript' - JavaScript Shell Command from JDK

 Using Functions as "Function" Objects

Introduction to Built-in Object Types

 Overview of Built-in Object Types

 The "Object" Object Type - The Root Object Type

 The "Global" Object Type - The Invisible Global Container

 Global Properties and Functions Defined in ECMAScript

 Global Properties and Functions Provided by "jrunscript"

 The "Function" Object Type - Functions Are Objects

 The "Array" Object Type - Arrays Are Objects

The "String" Object Type - Not Equal to String Primitive Type

 The "Boolean" Object Type - Wrapping Boolean Values into Objects

 The "Number" Object Type - Not Equal to Number Primitive Type

 The "Date" Object Type - Managing Dates and Times

 The "RegExp" Object Type - Regular Expression Patterns

 The "Error" Object Type - Runtime Exceptions

 The "Math" Object Type - The Math Container

 W3C's Document Object Model (DOM) Specifications

 References

 PDF Printing Version