HTML Document Top Level Structure

This section describes the top level structure of an HTML document - a DOCTYPE declaration followed by an 'html' element with 2 sub elements: 'head' and 'body'.

The top level structure of an HTML document should have the following parts:

1. DOCTYPE declaration - Defines what version of the HTML language is used for the document.

2. Document root - A single "html" element that contains the entire HTML document content.

3. Document metadata - A single "head" element as the first sub element in the "html" element that contains a collection of metadata for the Document.

4. Document main content - A single "body" element as the second sub element in the "html" element that contains the main content of the Document.

Below is an illustration of an HTML5 document structure:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
 <head>
 (Document metadata)
 </head>
 <body>
 (Document main content)
 </body>
</html>

Last update: 2014.

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 Introduction of HTML

 Introduction of HTML5 Features

HTML Document Structure and Content

HTML Document Top Level Structure

 HTML Document Metadata Elements

 Headings and Implicit Sections

 Elements for Explicit Sub Sections

 Sectioning Contents with Heading Elements

 Paragraph and Flow Content Elements

 Text and Phrasing Content Elements

 HTML Document and Elements Syntax

 References

 PDF Printing Version