Example Vector of AES Encryption

An example vector of AES-128 encryption is presented. Round keys and state values of all 11 rounds are included to help users to verify their AES implementation.

As test cases, the FIPS publication, "Announcing the ADVANCED ENCRYPTION STANDARD (AES)" in 2001, also included some example vectors of AES encryption.

The example vector presented blow is for the AES-128 encryption. You can use it verify your implementations of AES encryption algorithm. All values are in hexadecimal format:

Plaintext:  00112233445566778899aabbccddeeff
Cipher key: 000102030405060708090a0b0c0d0e0f
Ciphertext: 69c4e0d86a7b0430d8cdb78070b4c55a

Encryption rounds, round keys and state values:

Round 0:
   state:      00112233445566778899aabbccddeeff <-- Plaintext
   round key:  000102030405060708090a0b0c0d0e0f
   state:      00102030405060708090a0b0c0d0e0f0 <-- AddRoundKey()
               
Round 1:       
   state:      63cab7040953d051cd60e0e7ba70e18c <-- SubBytes()
   state:      6353e08c0960e104cd70b751bacad0e7 <-- ShiftRows()
   state:      5f72641557f5bc92f7be3b291db9f91a <-- MixColumns()
   round key:  d6aa74fdd2af72fadaa678f1d6ab76fe
   state:      89d810e8855ace682d1843d8cb128fe4 <-- AddRoundKey()
               
Round 2:       
   state:      a761ca9b97be8b45d8ad1a611fc97369 <-- SubBytes()
   state:      a7be1a6997ad739bd8c9ca451f618b61 <-- ShiftRows()
   state:      ff87968431d86a51645151fa773ad009 <-- MixColumns()
   round key:  b692cf0b643dbdf1be9bc5006830b3fe
   state:      4915598f55e5d7a0daca94fa1f0a63f7 <-- AddRoundKey()
               
Round 3:       
   state:      3b59cb73fcd90ee05774222dc067fb68 <-- SubBytes()
   state:      3bd92268fc74fb735767cbe0c0590e2d <-- ShiftRows()
   state:      4c9c1e66f771f0762c3f868e534df256 <-- MixColumns()
   round key:  b6ff744ed2c2c9bf6c590cbf0469bf41
   state:      fa636a2825b339c940668a3157244d17 <-- AddRoundKey()
               
Round 4:       
   state:      2dfb02343f6d12dd09337ec75b36e3f0 <-- SubBytes()
   state:      2d6d7ef03f33e334093602dd5bfb12c7 <-- ShiftRows()
   state:      6385b79ffc538df997be478e7547d691 <-- MixColumns()
   round key:  47f7f7bc95353e03f96c32bcfd058dfd
   state:      247240236966b3fa6ed2753288425b6c <-- AddRoundKey()
               
Round 5:       
   state:      36400926f9336d2d9fb59d23c42c3950 <-- SubBytes()
   state:      36339d50f9b539269f2c092dc4406d23 <-- ShiftRows()
   state:      f4bcd45432e554d075f1d6c51dd03b3c <-- MixColumns()
   round key:  3caaa3e8a99f9deb50f3af57adf622aa
   state:      c81677bc9b7ac93b25027992b0261996 <-- AddRoundKey()
               
Round 6:       
   state:      e847f56514dadde23f77b64fe7f7d490 <-- SubBytes()
   state:      e8dab6901477d4653ff7f5e2e747dd4f <-- ShiftRows()
   state:      9816ee7400f87f556b2c049c8e5ad036 <-- MixColumns()
   round key:  5e390f7df7a69296a7553dc10aa31f6b
   state:      c62fe109f75eedc3cc79395d84f9cf5d <-- AddRoundKey()
               
Round 7:       
   state:      b415f8016858552e4bb6124c5f998a4c <-- SubBytes()
   state:      b458124c68b68a014b99f82e5f15554c <-- ShiftRows()
   state:      c57e1c159a9bd286f05f4be098c63439 <-- MixColumns()
   round key:  14f9701ae35fe28c440adf4d4ea9c026
   state:      d1876c0f79c4300ab45594add66ff41f <-- AddRoundKey()
               
Round 8:       
   state:      3e175076b61c04678dfc2295f6a8bfc0 <-- SubBytes()
   state:      3e1c22c0b6fcbf768da85067f6170495 <-- ShiftRows()
   state:      baa03de7a1f9b56ed5512cba5f414d23 <-- MixColumns()
   round key:  47438735a41c65b9e016baf4aebf7ad2
   state:      fde3bad205e5d0d73547964ef1fe37f1 <-- AddRoundKey()
               
Round 9:       
   state:      5411f4b56bd9700e96a0902fa1bb9aa1 <-- SubBytes()
   state:      54d990a16ba09ab596bbf40ea111702f <-- ShiftRows()
   state:      e9f74eec023020f61bf2ccf2353c21c7 <-- MixColumns()
   round key:  549932d1f08557681093ed9cbe2c974e
   state:      bd6e7c3df2b5779e0b61216e8b10b689 <-- AddRoundKey()
               
Round 10:      
   state:      7a9f102789d5f50b2beffd9f3dca4ea7 <-- SubBytes()
   state:      7ad5fda789ef4e272bca100b3d9ff59f <-- ShiftRows()
   round key:  13111d7fe3944a17f307a78b4d2b30c5
   ciphertext: 69c4e0d86a7b0430d8cdb78070b4c55a <-- AddRoundKey()

Last update: 2015.

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 Cryptography Terminology

 Cryptography Basic Concepts

Introduction to AES (Advanced Encryption Standard)

 What Is AES (Advanced Encryption Standard)?

 AES, or Rijndael, Encryption Algorithm

 AES Key Schedule Algorithm

 AES Key Schedule Example

 AES MixColumns() Procedure Algorithm

Example Vector of AES Encryption

 AES Standard Decryption Algorithm

 AES Equivalent Decryption Algorithm

 Introduction to DES Algorithm

 DES Algorithm - Illustrated with Java Programs

 DES Algorithm Java Implementation

 DES Algorithm - Java Implementation in JDK JCE

 DES Encryption Operation Modes

 DES in Stream Cipher Modes

 PHP Implementation of DES - mcrypt

 Blowfish - 8-Byte Block Cipher

 Secret Key Generation and Management

 Cipher - Secret Key Encryption and Decryption

 Introduction of RSA Algorithm

 RSA Implementation using java.math.BigInteger Class

 Introduction of DSA (Digital Signature Algorithm)

 Java Default Implementation of DSA

 Private key and Public Key Pair Generation

 PKCS#8/X.509 Private/Public Encoding Standards

 Cipher - Public Key Encryption and Decryption

 MD5 Mesasge Digest Algorithm

 SHA1 Mesasge Digest Algorithm

 OpenSSL Introduction and Installation

 OpenSSL Generating and Managing RSA Keys

 OpenSSL Managing Certificates

 OpenSSL Generating and Signing CSR

 OpenSSL Validating Certificate Path

 "keytool" and "keystore" from JDK

 "OpenSSL" Signing CSR Generated by "keytool"

 Migrating Keys from "keystore" to "OpenSSL" Key Files

 Certificate X.509 Standard and DER/PEM Formats

 Migrating Keys from "OpenSSL" Key Files to "keystore"

 Using Certificates in IE (Internet Explorer)

 Using Certificates in Firefox

 Using Certificates in Google Chrome

 Outdated Tutorials

 References

 PDF Printing Version