android.os.Environment Class - Environment Folders

This section provides tutorial example on how to display environment folders: data, external storage, download cache, and root folders using the android.os.Environment class.

Another Android class, android.os.Environment, can also be used to retrieve environment folder information as shown in the following example:

/* AboutAndroid.java
 * Version 5.0 - Adding environment folders
 * Copyright (c) 2015, HerongYang.com, All Rights Reserved.
 */
package com.herongyang;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.widget.TextView;
import android.widget.ScrollView;
import android.os.Environment;
public class AboutAndroid extends Activity {
   @Override
   public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
      super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
      String msg = "";
      
      msg += "System properties\n";
      msg += "-------------\n";
      java.util.Properties props = System.getProperties();
      java.util.Enumeration e = props.propertyNames();
      while (e.hasMoreElements()) {
         String k = (String) e.nextElement();
         String v = props.getProperty(k);
         msg += k+": "+v+"\n";
      }

      msg += "\n";
      msg += "Envirionment variables\n";
      msg += "-------------\n";
      java.util.Map envs = System.getenv();
      java.util.Set keys = envs.keySet();
      java.util.Iterator i = keys.iterator();
      while (i.hasNext()) {
         String k = (String) i.next();
         String v = (String) envs.get(k);
         msg += k+": "+v+"\n";
      }

      msg += "\n";
      msg += "Environment folders\n";
      msg += "-------------\n";
      msg += "Data folder: "
         +Environment.getDataDirectory().getPath()+"\n";
      msg += "Download cache folder: "
         +Environment.getDownloadCacheDirectory().getPath()+"\n";
      msg += "External Storage folder: "
         +Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getPath()+"\n";
      msg += "Root folder: "
         +Environment.getRootDirectory().getPath()+"\n";

      TextView tv = new TextView(this);
      tv.setText(msg);
      ScrollView sv = new ScrollView(this);
      sv.addView(tv);
      setContentView(sv);
   }
}

2. Uninstall the previous version, build, install and run this new version. I get the following extra information at the end:

Data folder: /data
Download cache folder: /cache
External storage folder: /storage/sdcard
Root folder: /system

Below was some system properties I got from my Android 4.0.3 emulator created with Android SDK R17:

Data folder: /data
Download cache folder: /cache
External storage folder: /mnt/sdcard
Root folder: /system

Last update: 2015.

Table of Contents

 About This Book

 Installing JDK 1.8 on Windows System

 Installation of Android SDK R24 and Emulator

 Installing Apache Ant 1.9 on Windows System

 Developing First Android Application - HelloAndroid

 Android Application Package (APK) Files

 Android Debug Bridge (adb) Tool

 Android File Systems

 Android 4.0.3 File Systems

AboutAndroid - Application to Retrieve System Information

 java.lang.System Class - Accessing System Information

 Creating Android Project for Simple Application

 Build, Install and Run Android Application

 System.getProperties() - Retrieving System Properties

 android.widget.ScrollView Class - Scrolling Text View

 System.getenv() Method - System Environment Variables

android.os.Environment Class - Environment Folders

 android.content.Context - Application Context Information

 android.app.Activity Class and Activity Lifecycle

 View Objects and Layout Resource Files

 Using "adb logcat" Command for Debugging

 Build Process and Package File Content

 Building Your Own Web Browser

 Android Command Line Shell

 Samsung Galaxy Tab 3 Mini Tablet

 USB Debugging Applications on Samsung Tablet

 Android Tablet - LG-V905R

 USB Debugging Applications on LG-V905R Tablet

 Android Phone - LG-P925g

 USB Debugging Applications on LG-P925g Phone

 Outdated Tutorials

 References

 PDF Printing Version