JDBC for Oracle - Herong's Tutorial Examples - v3.12, by Herong Yang
What Is JDBC?
This section provides a quick answer to the question of 'What is JDBC?'
JDBC is an API (Application Programming Interface) that provides universal database access for the Java programming language. JDBC is the trademarked name and is not an acronym. But JDBC is often thought of as standing for "Java Database Connectivity."
The current version of JDBC API is JDBC 4.3 API which is implemented in Java SE 9 (JDK 9) and newer versions. It includes two packages:
The specification of JDBC 4.3 API is documented in JSR (Java Specification Request) 221 maintained by JCP (Java Community Process). See JSR 221: JDBC 4.0 API Specification at https://jcp.org/en/jsr/detail?id=221.
In order to use JDBC to connect Java applications to a specific database server, you need to have a JDBC driver that supports JDBC API for that database server. For example, Microsoft JDBC Drive allows you to access Microsoft SQL Server through the JDBC API.
By the way, JDBC 4.2 API was implemented in Java SE 8 (JDK 1.8).
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